The National Indigenous Economic Development Board
Year of publication:
The 2019 National Indigenous Economic Development Board (NIEDB) Economic Progress Report
provides a thorough and in-depth analysis of the economic realities of Indigenous peoples in Canada.
The report includes three core indicators: employment; income; and, community well-being. These core
indicators are examined through 13 separate measures. Additionally, five underlying indicators are
considered: education; entrepreneurship and business development; governance; lands and resources;
Crime and victimization
Includes information on adult criminal courts, corrections, crime reporting, victim services, children and youth, and violence against Indigenous women.
Demographic characteristics and Indigenous groups
Includes demographic, social and economic characteristics of Indigenous peoples.
Education, learning and skills
Education and skills related to the Indigenous population in Canada, including educational attainment, field of study, educational outcomes, literacy, and technology use.
"Recent case law on the application of the tax exemption in section 87 of the Indian Act to Indian investment income has taken a very different approach to the purpose and scope of the exemption from that expressed in the leading decisions from the Supreme Court of Canada.
"For use by an employer to apply for coverage under the Canada Pension Plan, of the employment of Indians in Canada, other than those employed in the Province of Quebec, whose salary, wages or other remuneration, in whole or in part, are not included in computing income from an office or employment for the purposes of the Income Tax Act."
"This report will examine the unique economic impacts of climate change in First Nations subsistence and income-generating economies. It will also discuss the economic realities in first Nations and how they relate to the ability or inability of a community to respond to climate changes."
"TD Economics in conjunction with the Canadian Council for Aboriginal Business estimate that the combined income of Aboriginal households, business and government sectors could be $32 billion by 2016, up from $24 billion this year. If this is achieved, the income will exceed the combined level of nominal GDP in Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward Island.
"Investing in disadvantaged young people is one of the rare public policies with no equity-efficiency tradeoff. Based on the methodology developed in Sharpe, Arsenault and Lapointe (2007), we estimate the effect of increasing the educational attainment level of Aboriginal Canadians on labour market outcome and output up to 2026. We build on these projection to estimate the potential effect of eliminating educational and social gaps between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people on government spending and government revenues using population and economic projections to 2026."
"This article addresses three questions: 1) Why study intra-Aboriginal inequality? 2) What is the gap in wages and income between the general Canadian population and the different Aboriginal peoples? and 3) How much inequality exists within the Aboriginal groups and between Aboriginal groups and the non-Aboriginal population? The article points to a general pattern of increase in measured disparity and polarization in income for all Aboriginal groups in comparison to the non-Aboriginal population.
"Investigating the earnings and income disparity faced by Aboriginal people in Canada from 1995 to 2005, we find that Aboriginal people face substantial income and earnings gaps in comparison with Canadian-born majority-group workers with similar characteristics (such as age and education). The estimated gaps are large: about 10 to 20 percent for women and 20 to 50 percent for men. However, these gaps eroded somewhat over 1995 to 2005.